Geeta wants to deliver a speech in the assembly on India’s Nuclear Tests on the eve of Independence Day. She has also notice the reactions of foreign nations and Indians as well through studying the different newspapers. Write her speech in about 200 words.


India’s nuclear programme started in 1948. It conducted its frst nuclear test at the same site in 1974. Pokhran-ll was the result of long research Panning and patience. Pokhran–l or the first underground nuclear tests were made on May 18, 1974 at the same site in Rajasthan. At the time Mrs. Indira Gandhi was the Prime Minister. It was Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru, the first Prime Minister of free India, who took the initiative of staring Indian’s nuclear programme and he set up the Atomic Energy Commission in 1948. Mrs. Indira Gandhi conducted no other nuclear test after Pokhran-l in 1974 it was left to the Prime Minister to get the credit for Pokhran-ll. At 6 p.m. on that day, he announced to the world that Indian had successfully carried out nuclear tests at Pokhran and it had become a nuclear power state.
          Pokhran-ll was carried out after the restraint of 24 years. It has become a necessity. Prime Minister Prime Minister explained that the move was made for national security and defence. Pakistan had been aiding and abetting terrorism in Jammu and Kashmir and other states of India. It was getting military aid from China and other nuclear states Under the circumstances. It had become necessary for India to go nuclear. Prime Minister gave the assurance that nuclear weapons would not be used against any county. India would not join the arms race and there would be no-first use of the nuclear weapons. India needed a minimum deterrent. So Pokhran-ll was a necessity.
          India has always followed the policy of peace and non-violence. It has never made an attack on any country. It has no intention to use nuclear weapons against any country. They are meant for self-defence. If you want peace, be prepared for war. Pokhran-ll is a part of our defence preparedness. Now the world has rightly understood and appreciated India’s stand.

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